She later became Canonness. Her works draw on the writings of the Church fathers, the Apocrypha and show familiarity with classical texts by Plautus, Ovid, Virgil and Ovid as well as Terence. Brought up strictly, she learnt Latin and Hebrew and modern languages.
‘Escaped Alone’ Reading to Take Place This Weekend
Forbidden further learning, she turned to the servants and ran up a large bill paying them to smuggle her candles for secret reading. She was married at 15 to Henry Cary, Lord Falkland and bore him 11 children, though she went through deep depression during the pregnancies. She brought up her children with a strong reverence for their father, to whom she also strove to be obedient, subordinating her own wishes and beliefs to his.
Through these hardships she continued to write as she had throughout her marriage, producing many translations of Catholic works. Cary is also supposed to have written a verse tragedy of Tamberlaine now lost, but in did write The History of Edward II, formerly ascribed to Henry Cary, a chronicle with dramatic sections, notable for its sympathetic presentation of Queen Isabel, who was neglected by her husband for his homosexual lover Gaveston. There seems to have been a close relation between her family and that of Lord Willoughby, Governor of Surinam.
Her father travelled to the colony in , taking his family with him. Behn claimed to have witnessed the slave rebellion there and its barbarous crushing, which she wrote about many years later in the novel Oroonoko , dramatized by Thomas Southerne in She returned to England in where she apparently married the Dutch merchant, whose name she kept and who probably died in the Great Plague of Aphra Behn lived out the rest of her life as a widow. That same year, she went to Holland to spy for Charles II, a job she undertook to support herself, sending back useful information about a planned Dutch invasion, under the code name, Astrea, later her pseudonym.
She went unpaid for her activities and, on her return to England, was thrown in jail for debt. Some describe her as daughter to a Rawkins, some a Freeman, some have her born poor, others, a gentlewoman of Lincolnshire stock, the daughter of a Parliamentarian whose estate was confiscated after the Restoration. She frequently returned to Holbeach in Lincolnshire in later life.
She certainly learnt some Latin as well as French, Dutch and Spanish. She may have run away from home at the age of 14, either with strolling players or with Anthony Hammond, a Cambridge undergraduate, who kept her dressed as a boy, pretended she was his young cousin and taught her swordplay, logic and rhetoric, until questions began to be asked about their relationship.
She apparently married a man called Fox when she was 16, but he died within the year and she remarried to an officer named Carroll and published her earlier work as by Susannah Carroll after he was killed in a duel. While working as an actress, famous for breeches parts, she met and married Joseph Centlivre, principal cook to Queen Anne. Based on the number of performances of her work, Centlivre can be viewed as one of the most successful British dramatists of all time with her comic intrigues proving enduringly popular until the twentieth century.
Her plays include: The Busy Body which had over performances and was republished many times during the next century; The Wonder! Joanna Baillie A Scottish poet and playwright, she was born at Bothwell, Lanarkshire, the third of three children of Dorothea Hunter and James Baillie, a junior minister at Hamilton, who later became Professor of Divinity at Glasgow University, a distant, undemonstrative father.
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As a child she was said to have been a tomboy, who loved outdoor sports, and though not studious, was known for her ability to make up stories and poems. She was later sent to boarding-school in Glasgow where she wrote plays and stage-managed theatricals. Joanna is now recognized as an influence on her literary contemporaries such as Byron, Wordsworth, Scott and Shelley. She published Fugitive Verses in and in the first volume of A Series of Plays , anonymously. They were well-received, the majority of reviewers assuming the author was a man.
De Monfort was produced at Drury Lane where it ran for only 8 performances. Its central character gets to suffer and then rise above his suffering in an attempt to be honourable and then sink into madness and then be overwhelmed by guilt … And even if such melodramatic excess is not to most modern tastes, and … despite what I assume is extensive cutting it all goes on a bit too long, still we once again must thank the Orange Tree for rediscovering a lost play and re-introducing us to a lost playwright of unquestionable power.
She was the daughter of glass manufacturer John G. Sowerby, whose Gateshead based company, Sowerby and Co. In , following financial problems and clashes with the Company Directors, the Sowerbys moved south to Colchester. Githa was the second of five daughters and had one brother, the eldest child, John Lawrence.
In , aged 36, she married Major John Kendall a poet, playwright and journalist, who had served in the Indian army. Rutherford and Son opened at The Royal Court Theatre in , receiving considerable acclaim from the critics who assumed the author to be male. It later transferred to the West End and New York. For Later. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next.
Far Away | Theatre review | Stage | The Guardian
Understanding Gender in a Digitally Transformed World. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Non-Realist Strategies in the Plays of Caryl Churchill Women must write through their bodies, they must invent the impregnable language that will wreck partitions, classes, and rhetorics, regulations and codes, they must submerge, cut through, get beyond the ultimate reversediscourse, including the one that laughs at the very idea of pronouncing the word silence,!
Dee Shekhar. Mpho Molapo. Reece Anthony. IT for Change. Mafalda Carvalho. Simon Devram. Beatriz Catarina. Very Good.
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