Surgeon In The Making


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They are curious, methodical, rational, analytical, and logical. Does this sound like you? Take our free career test to find out if surgeon is one of your top career matches. The workplace of a surgeon is primarily in the operating room, however it is also common to meet with patients in an office setting or in a hospital room.

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Surgeons are on their feet for many hours at a time. A day often begins very early in the morning performing surgeries. Rounds are often done in the afternoon or evening to check on patients. Emergency surgeries do happen, so surgeons are often on call even on their scheduled days off. The life of a surgeon is often very demanding with little personal time. Surgeons often forgo their own personal and family life for the satisfaction of helping their patients.

Surgeons can choose to specialize in one particular area of medicine and perform surgery related specifically to that area. The following provides information on various surgical specialties:. Cardiothoracic Cardiothoracic surgery focuses on issues and diseases of the heart, lungs, oesophagus and chest. Cardiothoracic surgeons can perform a variety of surgical procedures for issues such as: coronary artery disease, blockages of the arteries in the heart, blockages in the heart valve s , leaking heart valve s , abnormal enlargement or aneurysms of the large arteries in the chest, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation.

Surgical procedures can often be complicated, such as in cases like replacement valve operations and coronary artery bypass grafting. Monitoring patients in intensive care is an important part of a cardiothoracic surgeon's work. Complications can sometimes occur, including heart-beat irregularity arrhythmias , stroke, post-operative bleeding, fluid around the lungs, infection, or thrombosis.

Pediatric Pediatric surgery focuses on children that need surgical intervention for medical conditions and illnesses. Pediatric surgeons are focused on the diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative management for fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Surgical problems seen by pediatric surgeons are often quite different from those commonly seen by general surgeons, therefore it is common for them to work together with other specialists that may be involved in a child's medical care such as neonatologists, pediatricians, and family physicians in order to decide whether surgery might be the best option.

Some medical conditions in newborns and children do not lend themselves to a good quality of life unless they are corrected surgically. Examples of necessary surgeries may be things such as: birth defects, undescended testes, hernias, hydroceles and varicoceles, liver lacerations, tumours, transplants, bronchoscopies, esophagogastroduodenoscopies, and colonoscopies. Neonatal Surgery the surgical repair of birth defects Fetal Surgery working with radiologists, surgeons use ultrasound during the fetal stage to detect abnormalities Pediatric Urological Surgery illness or disease of the genitals or urinary tract kidneys, ureters, bladder Pediatric Hepatobiliary Surgery gallbladder and liver disease Pediatric GI Surgery appendicitis, tumors, complex problems of the esophagus, liver, pancreas, stomach, and intestines Pediatric Oncological Surgery malignant tumours and benign growths.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Obstetrics and gynecology is a very broad and diverse branch of medicine.

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It includes surgery, management and care of pregnant women, delivering babies, gynecologic care, oncology, and primary health care for women. There are four sub-specialties in this field: gynecologic oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, maternal fetal medicine, and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery.

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Obstetrician-gynecologists have extensive knowledge about the medical and surgical care of the female reproductive system and associated disorders. Inpatient surgical procedures include hysterectomies performed vaginally, abdominally, and laparoscopically.

General Surgery A general surgeon is a physician who has been educated and trained in anatomy, emergency and intensive care, immunology, metabolism, pathology, physiology, shock and resuscitation, and wound healing. General surgeons are trained to provide surgical care for the 'whole' patient affecting almost any area of a patient's body within a wide range of surgical conditions - which includes making a diagnosis as well as the preoperative, operative and postoperative care of a patient.

They have knowledge and technical skills in taking care of medical conditions that relate to the head and neck, breast, skin, and soft tissues, abdominal wall, extremities, and the gastrointestinal, vascular, and endocrine systems. In rural areas, some surgeons may also perform gynecologic, urologic, orthopedic and ENT surgeries. Colorectal A colorectal surgeon is a physician who specializes in treating diseases of the colon, anal canal, rectum, perianal area, as well as the entire gastric tract through medical and surgical means.

Colorectal surgeons are also able to perform surgery on other organs and tissues such as the liver, urinary, and female reproductive systems involved with primary intestinal disease. Managing conditions such as hemorrhoids, fissures painful tears in the anal lining , abscesses, and fistulae infections located around the anus and rectum can be managed in the office.

Since colorectal surgeons care for patients with diseases that affect the lower gastrointestinal tract, they can perform endoscopic procedures to detect and treat conditions of the bowel lining, such as cancer, polyps precancerous growths , and inflammatory conditions, and can also perform abdominal surgical procedures that involve the small bowel, colon, and rectum, including treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases, such as chronic ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, diverticulitis, and cancer.

Vascular Vascular surgery became a surgical specialty in its own right in Vascular surgeons are educated and trained to deal with conditions and diseases affecting a patient's vascular system veins, arteries, blood vessels. Examples of some common surgical procedures include: carotid endarterectomy, angioplasty and lower limb bypass surgery. A vascular surgeon is able to treat many conditions that affect the blood vessels in every part of a patient's body except for the heart and brain. According to the Heart and Vascular Institute, some of these conditions may include:.

Aneurysm - a bulge or weak spot in an artery Atherosclerosis - a hardening of the arteries, where plaque builds up on the artery walls Carotid artery disease or peripheral artery disease PAD - arteries that bring blood to the neck or limbs become narrow or blocked Compression disorders - nutcracker syndrome and thoracic outlet syndrome Dialysis access - placement of a graft or fistula that allows a patient to receive dialysis treatment for kidney disease Deep vein thrombosis DVT - a blood clot in a vein deep below the skin Spider veins - small webs of veins just below the surface of the skin Trauma to arteries and veins - caused by accidents or injuries Varicose veins - large, swollen, twisted veins that can cause pain or aching in the legs Venous ulcers and arterial and diabetic neuropathic wounds - non-healing wounds that result from poor blood flow, especially in the legs.

Urology Urology deals with the urogenital system, specifically organs such as the kidney, prostate, bladder, urethra, testes, penis, and associated glands. Urologists are surgical specialists who treat patients for problems and diseases of the urinary tract, adrenal gland, and male reproductive system.

This includes diseases and conditions such as: kidney stones, urinary tract stones, infection, blood in urine, cancer prostate, bladder, testicle and kidney , incontinence, pelvic floor problems, erectile dysfunction, and traumatic injury to the urinary tract.

Urologists also perform vasectomies and kidney transplants. Specialist areas include: complex pelvic surgery, uro-gynaecology, andrology and paediatric urology. Some urologists are also specially trained in reconstructive surgery, and they perform surgeries on genitalia abnormalities that are present at birth, as well as assist with patients that have been injured in an accident. Musculoskeletal Orthopaedic surgery is specifically focused on the musculoskeletal system. An orthopaedic surgeon takes care of bones, joints, ligaments, arteries, muscles, tendons, and nerves, and also works with fractures and other injuries.

Orthopaedic surgeons take care of a wide variety of problems, such as congenital deformities, trauma, infections, tumours, degenerative conditions, cerebral palsy, paraplegia, and metabolic disturbances that fall into the category of musculoskeletal abnormalities. Orthopaedic surgery is a very broad field and includes a number of specialty areas, such as lower limb joint reconstruction, hip or knee, ankle and foot, upper limb, spine, bone tumours, paediatric orthopaedics, rheumatoid surgery, and sports and exercise surgery.

Surgical procedures can take up much of the orthopaedic surgeon's practice, however many conditions can be treated medically or physically through the use of braces, casts, splints, or physical therapy. Hand Surgery - treatment of diseases, injuries, or abnormalities affecting the upper extremities, and includes the performance of microvascular surgery, which is necessary for reattachment of amputated fingers or limbs Sports Medicine - injuries to the musculoskeletal system Pediatric Orthopaedics - children with orthopaedic problems including scoliosis, cerebral palsy, congenital dislocation of the hips, clubfoot etc.

Plastic Plastic surgeons focus on repairing, replacing, and reconstructing defects of the body's covering and its musculoskeletal system underneath so as to restore normal form and function eighty percent of all plastic surgery is reconstructive surgery. Plastic surgery may be used not only to enhance a person's looks, but also to restore a patient's appearance following an accident or a bout with cancer or another disease.

Cosmetic surgery reshapes normal body parts for aesthetic reasons, while reconstructive surgery repairs or replaces body parts damaged by accidents, illness or malformation. Plastic surgeons primarily focus on the upper and lower limbs, the craniofacial structures, the oropharynx, the breast, and the external genitalia. They also focus on structures patients feel are undesirable and perform 'aesthetic' surgery on those areas.

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The guy had worms. I was slugged in the head by a delirious patient in an alcoholic rage, spat upon, coughed on, vomited on, farted on, bled on, and mistaken for an orderly. How you handle stress is absolutely critical. These are the 9 surprising health risks men need to watch out for. Just getting someone who weighs pounds out of bed is hard. If you have three pages full of questions, show them to the nurse. How many can you help me with? This is private hospitals pushing doctors to generate more money by doing more procedures.

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The Cleveland Clinic has said this system of paying doctors is so ethically immoral that it started paying its doctors a flat salary no matter how many operations they do. Check out the 11 insider tips every patient should know to lower hospital bill costs. He had a wife and two children. Letters are a good reminder of how important this is and how people entrust themselves to us. I save every one. One more reason to right that thank you note? We care deeply.

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Those of us who are spiritual pray for our patients. My family and I pray for my patients at dinner the night before surgery. What am I doing? Thankfully, I caught the mistake before I even draped the patient, and no harm was done, but I felt horrible about it. It was more than a year ago, and I still think about it. So please be percent honest. Ordon, MD. Having something permanently implanted in your body is not a risk-free proposition.

There is evidence that thousands of people have had stents they likely did not need. At a university hospital, you also have the advantage of having a resident or physician bedside , with a surgeon on call always available. Salerno, MD. Skip links Skip to content Skip to footer.

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