The MVP model was influenced by basic tenets of social justice education. This approach is partly based on the premise that men's silence in the face of other men's abusive or violent behavior gives "implicit consent" to such behavior. The MVP bystander approach frames men's abuse of women as a societal problem whose roots lie in the institutional structures and cultural practices of a male-dominated society.
Jackson Katz presented the Mentors in Violence Prevention MVP model hoping to put the focus on men to discontinue trends of violent masculinity through creating a model that would invite men into the critical dialogue, instead of painting them as perpetrators or potential perpetrators.
By working with boys who typically represented the popular part of school culture, Katz was hoping that these boys would then influence the people around them and in their schools in similar manners. It was important for Katz to ensure that MVP considers male student-athletes as potential mentors for younger kids, able of providing male leadership necessary to stop gender abuse. Katz's model generally revolves around simulation and role-playing, as well as large discussion-based group meetings both consisting same-sex and different-sex students.
A fourth session is scheduled for those student-athletes who wish to be trained further for work with younger students in middle and high school. Additionally, Katz recognizes the role of those in positions of authority in schools and athletic teams. As his program has grown and evolved, he has included training of selected male and professional staff working in all sectors of schools and colleges. If these school leaders are able to use their positions of authority as positions of good influence, it will perhaps encourage a change in paradigm that will affect all of those in the school or community.
The Macho Paradox - Why Some Men Hurt Women and How All Men Can Help
The MVP model originally focused on just male student-athletes. More frank and honest talk about gender abuse will not only remove many of the stigmas from those who are abused, but will also encourage students to act out and speak out in defense of themselves and each other. In his writings, public lectures, and films, Katz argues that gendered understandings and behavior in every arena from interpersonal relationships to the workplace and even politics are influenced by media and popular culture. Katz further maintains that in spite of variability due to such categories as class, race and ethnicity, "violence in America is overwhelmingly a gendered phenomenon," shaped by "cultural codes and ideals of masculinity and manhood.
Katz's work on images of masculinity in media extends to his examination of "a crucial but barely explored topic of cultural studies analysis: the role of media culture in the construction of presidential masculinity. According to Katz, part of being politically media literate means understanding how gender functions as a sub-textual force in presidential politics.
The Macho Paradox : Jackson Katz :
He asks questions such as "how does the perceived 'manliness' or 'toughness' of political candidates affect their electoral success? To what degree is the gender gap in presidential politics affected by men's gendered identities and sense of themselves as men, which itself is reinforced by media discourses and portrayals?
How does paid political advertising on television — by far the biggest expenditure of funds in presidential campaigns — shape voters' perceptions of the relative 'manliness' of candidates? What are the similarities and differences between how women and men ascertain whether male political figures measure up to the 'masculine ideal' that is circulating in media culture at a given historical moment? Which mediated white masculine styles or archetypes have been politically successful over the past fifty years, and why?
In an article about the Barack Obama - Hillary Clinton race for the Democratic presidential nomination in , Katz responded to pundits and other political observers who decried the media focus on race and gender when other crucial issues loomed. The reason people are talking about them now is that a black man and a white woman are serious contenders for a major party nomination. Their success is making visible what historically has been hidden in plain sight. Katz further maintained that, "Presidential contests until now have been contests between men.
Men were the gender that mattered. No matter how qualified by intelligence, leadership ability or experience, women were not seriously considered for the top job in government, and everyone knew it.
Their gender prevented people from seeing them as 'presidential. They were inevitably — and invariably — white and a man. For Katz, violence also plays an important role in shaping political discourse and in the voters' choice of whom to support for president.
In several articles, Katz analyzes and comments on "the pervasive use of sports metaphors in presidential discourse and how the language of sport functions to construct a masculine ideal for leadership at the heights of political power. Katz also comments on implications for female candidates. He writes, "One of Republican vice-presidential nominee Sarah Palin's most-quoted lines on the campaign trail in the fall of was 'The heels are on, the gloves are off,' which she typically delivered to wild cheers of approval.
In coming years, when this historic campaign and those yet to come are analyzed, it will be particularly interesting to see how female and male voters respond to language where a woman throws the 'knockout punch.
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Or do women who are seen as 'too-aggressive' — even if only in a metaphorical sense — turn voters off? What are the differences between how the sexes view a woman 'throwing punches' if she's a conservative like Palin or a liberal feminist like Hillary Clinton? Katz is the creator of educational videos for high school and college students produced and distributed through the Media Education Foundation:. Katz publishes articles in academic journals, anthologies, and text readers on topics such as the intersections of race and gender in the representation of masculinity, advertising, secondary educational leadership, right-wing talk radio, Mel Gibson, athletes and gender violence, media discourse about violence, masculinities and violence, presidential masculinities, and Jewish masculinity.
Man Enough? Katz currently blogs for the Huffington Post. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Republican.
Thursday, April 14th, 2016
October 3, Gendered Lives: Communication, Gender, and Culture 8th ed. Belmont, Calif. Paradoxes of Youth and Sport. Albany: State University of New York. Bangor Daily News. Women throughout the audience immediately start raising their hands. As the men sit in stunned silence, the women recount safety precautions they take as part of their daily routine.
Here are some of their answers: Hold my keys as a potential weapon. Look in the back seat of the car before getting in. Carry a cell phone. Don't go jogging at night.
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Lock all the windows when I sleep, even on hot summer nights. Be careful not to drink too much. Don't put my drink down and come back to it; make sure I see it being poured. Own a big dog.
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Carry Mace or pepper spray. Have an unlisted phone number. Have a man's voice on my answering machine. Park in well-lit areas. Don't use parking garages. Don't get on elevators with only one man, or with a group of men.
Vary my route home from work. Watch what I wear. Don't use highway rest areas. Use a home alarm system. Don't wear headphones when jogging. Avoid forests or wooded areas, even in the daytime. Don't take a first-floor apartment. Go out in groups.
Jackson Katz - The Macho Paradox: Why Some Men Hurt Women and How All Men Can Help
Own a firearm. Meet men on first dates in public places. Make sure to have a car or cab fare. Don't make eye contact with men on the street. Make assertive eye contact with men on the street. Two boys opened fire on a schoolyard full of girls, killing four and one female teacher.
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